As individuals, families and communities, we all respond to change differently. We accept or resist it, we sometimes settle for a compromise, evolving to accommodate change.

Although recognized, change is not as often realized.

As we gravitate towards an era where we turn more unmindful and impervious to this condition, it is perhaps imperative to question the equations that structure in our lives.

What is essentially dispensable and what is not.

Immediately after independence, driven by the need to build a strong economy, the Indian government implemented economic policies that promoted industrialization, import substitution and the growth of the public sector through central planning that failed, creating a macro¬economic crisis, curbing the country’s economic growth immensely. This is debatable as many economists argue that the emphasis on building the public sector enabled equitable growth and the building of infrastructure that laid the foundation for economic liberalization 45 years later.

The decades that followed independence were characterized by a pride in Indian goods and a collective desire to contribute towards to the economic development of the young nation. This aspiration was embodied in slogans such as ‘Be Indian, Buy Indian’ a carry over of Gandhi’s call to boycott foreign goods and embrace Swadeshi. Thrift was a virtue and saving an imperative. Middle class families tended to make do with what they had rather than hanker for what they could not afford.

Sixty years after independence the mood is completely different. The year 1991 saw the beginning of a new era of globalization that began with the liberalization of the Indian economy. Economic reforms, disinvestment in the public sector and impetus to foreign direct investment opened the country to foreign trade and privatization of many sectors.

The arrival of global brands, increased investment in telecommunications and easy availability of credit resulted in increased consumerism across the Indian middle classes. The ‘Make Do’ perspective gave way to ‘Must Have’. All these changes lead to the Indian middle class household becoming a platform for technological experimentation. The privacy of the middle class home as well as the public space was invaded by a series of evolving tools and technologies.

Growing up in my grandparents’ home during this period, I was oblivious to not just the fact that we functioned differently but had distinctly different experiences and relationships with technology in spite of subconsciously accepting our differences and establishing a healthy rapport.

From there, I tried to find these instances and the spaces within which our differences manifested. After going round the clock, observing our lives, I started coming across tools… both simple and complex tools that guided both our activities through the day and our lives.

One such space I explored was communication, specifically transmission of sound, the first form of live communication and the tools that enabled it. Something about the way my generation and my grandparents’ generation has been socialized, combined with this new communication technology generated various interesting interactions between individuals, communi¬ties and the tools itself. Interactions that reflected our dispositions, perspectives and practices.

The phenomenal rate of change has prevented us from questioning, comparing, judging and reflecting on even the most elementary activities we engage in.

This compilation is a study and representation of such technology mediated interactions that took place over the past fifty years in the Indian middle class household.

Stories about interactions tell us how these were key in shaping our social and personal lives, redefining our values and constructing “middle class culture”.

Friday, September 24, 2010

Hot Shot 110 S

Had recently found my dad's old Hot Shot 110 S film camera, which uses a 110 film cartridge with 12, 15, 20 or 24 exposures. Both ASA 100 (DIN 21) or ASA 400(DIN 27) films.

I have been hunting for these cartridges everywhere in Bangalore as I wanted to use the camera to shoot some of my image sequences inside the household as the feel of the photographs immediately triggered a personal home imaging nostalgia from the 70's.

Kodak is the only company that manufactures the 110 and cannot be found in Bangalore. I have been asked to order it online from the States directly. So if anybody knows a place that would have these in India, please let me know asap.

Even comes with a built in hot shoe.

Saturday, September 18, 2010


Electromagnetic interference : Screenshots from prototype.

Prototyping Interactive | Phase 1

Screenshots of the interactive interfaces that i have been creating on flash, as I am having trouble loading flash swf's on Blogger. This is just to give a feel of the work in progress.

Saturday, September 4, 2010

Electro Acoustic Ecology

Visited Navin Thomas's 'From the towns end...' exhibition seeking some inspiration in terms of forms i could drive my stories and raw data into. Found some interesting work he has done with acoustic ecology. He says 'it is the relationship between individuals and communities within a sonic magnetic environment, which includes the physical responses or behavioral characteristics of life within it'

Rapturous song, voice from the hill...A very captivating black beveled mirror.

These are recordings of a bird on a wire during a thunder storm. These images printed on museo silver rag paper had a very cold stone finish to them, triggering some sort of a deep monotone which also felt a little disturbing inside.

Don't stare at the light, too brightly. A two tracked sounded piece playing on public announcement speakers flanking an ultraviolet insect attracting lamp. Surprised to see many insects fallen dead. There was nothing killing them, Was it the influence of the sonic environment in combination with the light?

Announcement speaker salvaged from a mosque.

This was very similar to a form i have already been looking at for my project, for which i had already purchased an old public phone. Two sound channels on two phones playing entrancing messages on loop.

Tropical modernist chairs rewired in copper and connected to transistors.